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The clinical and genetic spectrum of inherited glycosylphosphatidylinositol deficiency disorders

Inherited glycosylphosphatidylinositol deficiency disorders (IGDs) are a group of rare multisystem disorders arising from pathogenic variants in glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchor pathway (GPI-AP) genes. Despite associating 24 of at least 31 GPI-AP genes with human neurogenetic disease, prior reports are limited to single genes without consideration of the GPI-AP as a whole and with limited natural history data. In this multinational retrospective observational study, we systematically analyse the molecular spectrum, phenotypic characteristics, and natural history of 83 individuals from 75 unique families with IGDs, including 70 newly reported individuals: the largest single cohort to date.