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Targeted Proteomics Reveals Quantitative Differences in Low-Abundance Glycosyltransferases of Patients with Congenital Disorders of Glycosylation

Protein glycosylation is an essential post-translational modification in all domains of life. Its impairment in humans can result in severe diseases named congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDGs). Most of the glycosyltransferases (GTs) responsible for proper glycosylation are polytopic membrane proteins that represent challenging targets in proteomics. We established a multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) assay to comprehensively quantify GTs involved in the processes of N-glycosylation and O– and C-mannosylation in the endoplasmic reticulum.