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SLC10A7, an orphan member of the SLC10 family involved in congenital disorders of glycosylation

SLC10A7, encoded by the so-called SLC10A7 gene, is the seventh member of a human sodium/bile acid cotransporter family, known as the SLC10 family. Despite similarities with the other members of the SLC10 family, SLC10A7 does not exhibit any transport activity for the typical SLC10 substrates and is then considered yet as an orphan carrier. Recently, SLC10A7 mutations have been identified as responsible for a new Congenital Disorder of Glycosylation (CDG). CDG are a family of rare and inherited metabolic disorders, where glycosylation abnormalities lead to multisystemic defects.