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Quantitative mapping of the in vivo O-GalNAc glycoproteome in mouse tissues identifies GalNAc-T2 O-glycosites in metabolic disorder

The family of GalNAc-Ts (GalNAcpolypeptide:N-Acetylgalactosaminyl transferases) catalyzes the first committed step in the synthesis of O-glycans, which is an abundant and biologically important protein modification. Abnormalities in the activity of individual GalNAc-Ts can result in congenital disorders of O-glycosylation (CDG) and influence a broad array of biological functions. How site-specific O-glycans regulate biology is unclear. Compiling in vivo O-glycosites would be an invaluable step in determining the function of site-specific O-glycans. We integrated chemical and enzymatic conditions that cleave O-glycosites, a higher-energy dissociation product ions-triggered electron-transfer/higher-energy collision dissociation mass spectrometry (MS) workflow and software to study nine mouse tissues and whole blood.