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PIGN-Related Disease in Two Lithuanian Families: A Report of Two Novel Pathogenic Variants, Molecular and Clinical Characterisation

Pathogenic variants of PIGN are a known cause of multiple congenital anomalies-hypotonia-seizures syndrome 1 (MCAHS1). Many affected individuals have clinical features overlapping with Fryns syndrome and are mainly characterised by developmental delay, congenital anomalies, hypotonia, seizures, and specific minor facial anomalies. This study investigates the clinical and molecular data of three individuals from two unrelated families, the clinical features of which were consistent with a diagnosis of MCAHS1.