Skip to Content

PIGN c.776T>C (p.Phe259Ser) variant present in trans with a pathogenic variant for PIGN-congenital disorder of glycosylation: Bella-Noah syndrome

Glycosylation is the most common protein and lipid post-translational modification in humans. Congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG) are characterized by both genetic and clinical heterogeneity, presenting multisystemic manifestations, and in most cases are autosomal recessive in inheritance. The PIGN gene is responsible for the addition of phosphoethanolamine to the first mannose in the glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchor biosynthesis pathway, a highly conserved process that enables proteins to bind to the cell surface membrane. Here, we report a family with two siblings pediatric cases with the exact same compound heterozygous variants in PIGN. The (c.776T > C) variant of uncertain significance (VUS) together with a known pathogenic variant (c.932T > G), resulting in clinical features compatible with PIGN-related conditions, more specific the CDG.