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Pathogenic DPAGT1 variants in limb-girdle congenital myasthenic syndrome (LG-CMS) associated with tubular aggregates and ORAI1 hypoglycosylation

Limb-girdle congenital myasthenic syndrome (LG-CMS) is a genetically heterogeneous disorder characterized by muscle weakness and fatigability. The LG-CMS gene DPAGT1 codes for an essential enzyme of the glycosylation pathway, a posttranslational modification mechanism shaping the structure and function of proteins. In DPAGT1-related LG-CMS, reduced glycosylation of the acetylcholine receptor (AChR) reduces its localization at the neuromuscular junction (NMJ), and results in diminished neuromuscular transmission. LG-CMS patients also show tubular aggregates on muscle biopsy, but the origin and potential contribution of the aggregates to disease development are not understood. Here, we describe two LG-CMS patients with the aim of providing a molecular diagnosis and to shed light on the pathways implicated in tubular aggregate formation.