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Oral sialic acid supplementation in NANS-CDG: Results of a single center, open label, observational pilot study

NANS-CDG is a congenital disorder of glycosylation (CDG) caused by biallelic variants in NANS, encoding an essential enzyme in de novo sialic acid synthesis. It presents with intellectual developmental disorder (IDD), skeletal dysplasia, neurologic impairment, and gastrointestinal dysfunction. Some patients suffer progressive intellectual neurologic deterioration (PIND), emphasizing the need for a therapy. In a previous study, sialic acid supplementation in knockout nansa zebrafish partially rescued skeletal abnormalities. Here, we performed the first in-human pre- and postnatal sialic-acid study in NANS-CDG.