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Nutrition interventions in congenital disorders of glycosylation

Congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG) are a group of more than 160 inborn errors of metabolism affecting multiple pathways of protein and lipid glycosylation. Patients present with a wide range of symptoms and therapies are only available for very few subtypes. Specific nutritional treatment options for certain CDG types include oral supplementation of monosaccharide sugars, manganese, uridine, or pyridoxine. Additional management includes specific diets (i.e., complex carbohydrate or ketogenic diet), iron supplementation, and albumin infusions. We review the dietary management in CDG with a focus on two subgroups: N-linked glycosylation defects and GPI-anchor disorders.