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NGLY1: insights from Caenorhabditis elegans

Peptide:N-glycanase is an evolutionarily conserved deglycosylating enzyme that catalyses the removal of N-linked glycans from cytosolic glycoproteins. Recessive mutations that inactivate this enzyme cause NGLY1 deficiency, a multisystemic disorder with symptoms including developmental delay and defects in cognition and motor control. Developing treatments for NGLY1 deficiency will require an understanding of how failure to deglycosylate NGLY1 substrates perturbs cellular and organismal function. In this review, I highlight insights into peptide:N-glycanase biology gained by studies in the highly tractable genetic model animal Caenorhabditis elegans