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NGLY1 deficiency: a prospective natural history study (NHS)

N-glycanase 1 (NGLY1) Deficiency is a debilitating, ultra-rare autosomal recessive disorder caused by loss of function of NGLY1, a cytosolic enzyme that deglycosylates other proteins. It is characterized by severe global developmental delay and/or intellectual disability, hyperkinetic movement disorder, transient elevation of transaminases, (hypo)alacrima, and progressive, diffuse, length-dependent sensorimotor polyneuropathy. A prospective natural history study (NHS) was conducted to elucidate clinical features and disease course. Twenty-nine participants were enrolled (15 onsite, 14 remotely) and followed for up to 32 months, representing ~ 29% of the ~ 100 patients identified worldwide.