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Missense variant c.1460 T > C (p.L487P) enhances protein degradation of ER mannosyltransferase ALG9 in two new ALG9-CDG patients presenting with West syndrome and review of the literature

ALG9-CDG is a CDG-I defect within the group of Congenital Disorders of Glycosylation (CDG). We here describe the clinical symptoms of two new and unrelated ALG9-CDG patients, both carrying the novel homozygous missense variant c.1460 T > C (p.L487P) in the ALG9 gene which led to global developmental delay, psychomotor disability, facial dysmorphisms, brain and heart defects, hearing loss, hypotonia, as well as feeding problems. New clinical symptoms comprised West syndrome with hypsarrhythmia. […] The clinical findings of our patients and of all previously published ALG9-CDG patients are brought together to further expand the knowledge about this rare N-glycosylation disorder.