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Insights into the regulation of cellular Mn2+ homeostasis via TMEM165

Golgi cation homeostasis is known to be crucial for many cellular processes including vesicular fusion events, protein secretion, as well as for the activity of Golgi glycosyltransferases and glycosidases. TMEM165 was identified in 2012 as the first cation transporter related to human glycosylation diseases, namely the Congenital Disorders of Glycosylation (CDG). Interestingly, divalent manganese (Mn) supplementation has been shown to suppress the observed glycosylation defects in TMEM165-deficient cell lines, thus suggesting that TMEM165 is involved in cellular Mn homeostasis. This paper demonstrates that the origin of the Golgi glycosylation defects arises from impaired Golgi Mn homeostasis in TMEM165-depleted cells. We show that Mn supplementation fully rescues the Mn content in the secretory pathway/organelles of TMEM165-depleted cells and hence the glycosylation process.