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GPI-anchoring disorders and the heart: Is cardiomyopathy an overlooked feature?

Glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchoring disorders (GPI-ADs) are a subgroup of congenital disorders of glycosylation. GPI biosynthesis requires proteins encoded by over 30 genes of which 24 genes are linked to neurodevelopmental disorders. Patients, especially those with PIGA-encephalopathy, have a high risk of premature mortality which sometimes is attributed to cardiomyopathy. We aimed to explore the occurrence of cardiomyopathy among patients with GPI-ADs and to raise awareness about this potentially lethal feature.