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GlcNAc-Asn is a biomarker for NGLY1 deficiency

Substrate-derived biomarkers are necessary in slowly progressing monogenetic diseases caused by single-enzyme deficiencies to identify affected patients and serve as surrogate markers for therapy response. N-glycanase 1 (NGLY1) deficiency is an ultra-rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by developmental delay, peripheral neuropathy, elevated liver transaminases, hyperkinetic movement disorder and (hypo)-alacrima. We demonstrate that N-acetylglucosamine-asparagine (GlcNAc-Asn; GNA), is the analyte most closely associated with NGLY1 deficiency, showing consistent separation in levels between patients and controls.