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Expanding the phenotype of ATP6AP1 deficiency

Vacuolar ATPases (V-ATPases) are large multisubunit proton pumps conserved among all eukaryotic cells that are involved in diverse functions including acidification of membrane-bound intracellular compartments. The ATP6AP1 gene encodes an accessory subunit of the vacuolar (V)-ATPase protein pump. Pathogenic variants in ATP6AP1 have been described in association with a congenital disorder of glycosylation (CDG), which are highly variable, but often characterized by immunodeficiency, hepatopathy, and neurologic manifestations. Although the most striking and common clinical feature is hepatopathy, the phenotypic and genotypic spectrum of ATP6AP1-CDG continues to expand. […] This report expands the phenotypic spectrum of ATP6AP1-CDG-related disorder with both probands exhibiting unique prenatal and postnatal features, including fetal ventriculomegaly, umbilical hernia, pectus carinatum, micropenis, and hypospadias.