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Expanded prenatal phenotype of ALG12-associated congenital disorder of glycosylation including bilateral multicystic kidneys.

Congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG) are a group of rare autosomal recessive genetic disorders caused by pathogenic variants in genes coding for N-glycosylated glycoproteins, which play a role in folding, degrading, and transport of glycoproteins in their pathway. ALG12-CDG specifically is caused by biallelic pathogenic variants in ALG12. Currently reported features of ALG12-CDG include: developmental delay, hypotonia, failure to thrive and/or short stature, brain anomalies, recurrent infections, hypogammaglobulinemia, coagulation abnormalities, and genitourinary abnormalities. In addition, skeletal abnormalities resembling a skeletal dysplasia including shortened long bones and talipes equinovarus have been seen in more severe neonatal presentation of this disorder. We report on a case expanding the phenotype of ALG12-CDG to include bilateral, multicystic kidneys in a neonatal demise identified with homozygous pathogenic variants in the ALG12 gene at c.1001del (p.N334Tfs*15) through clinical trio exome sequencing.