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Evaluation of Cell Models to Study Monocyte Functions in PMM2 Congenital Disorders of Glycosylation

Congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG) are inherited metabolic diseases characterized by mutations in enzymes involved in different steps of protein glycosylation, leading to aberrant synthesis, attachment or processing of glycans. Recently, immunological dysfunctions in several CDG types have been increasingly documented. Despite these observations, detailed studies on immune cell dysfunction in PMM2-CDG and other CDG types are still scarce. Studying PMM2-CDG patient immune cells is challenging due to limited availability of patient material, which is a result of the low incidence of the disease and the often young age of the subjects. Dedicated immune cell models, mimicking PMM2-CDG, could circumvent many of these problems and facilitate research into the mechanisms of immune dysfunction. Here we provide initial observations about the immunophenotype and the phagocytic function of primary PMM2-CDG monocytes.