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Effects of the T337M and G391V disease-related variants on human phosphoglucomutase 1: structural disruptions large and small

Phosphoglucomutase 1 (PGM1) plays a central role in glucose homeostasis in human cells. Missense variants of this enzyme cause an inborn error of metabolism, which is categorized as a congenital disorder of glycosylation. Here, two disease-related variants of PGM1, T337M and G391V, which are both located in domain 3 of the four-domain protein, were characterized via X-ray crystallography and biochemical assays.