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Dissecting the transcriptional program of phosphomannomutase 2-deficient cells: Lymphoblastoide B cell lines as a valuable model for congenital disorders of glycosylation studies

Congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG) include 150 genetically and clinically heterogeneous diseases, showing significant glycoprotein hypoglycosylation that leads to pathological consequences in multiple organs and systems whose underlying mechanisms are not yet understood. A few cellular and animal models have been used to study specific CDG characteristics, although they have given limited information due to the few CDG mutations tested and the still missing comprehensive molecular and cellular basic research. Here, we provide specific gene expression profiles, based on ribonucleic acid (RNA) microarray analysis, together with some biochemical and cellular characteristics of a total of nine control Epstein-Barr virus-transformed lymphoblastoid B cell lines (B-LCL) and 13 CDG B-LCL from patients carrying severe mutations in the phosphomannomutase 2 (PMM2) gene, strong serum protein hypoglycosylation and neurological symptoms.