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Deficient glycan extension and endoplasmic reticulum stresses in ALG3-CDG

ALG3-CDG is a rare congenital disorder of glycosylation (CDG) with a clinical phenotype that includes neurological manifestations, transaminitis, and frequent infections. The ALG3 enzyme catalyzes the first step of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) luminal glycan extension by adding mannose from Dol-P-Man to Dol-PP-Man5GlcNAc2 (Man5) forming Dol-PP-Man6. Such glycan extension is the first and fastest cellular response to ER stress, which is deficient in ALG3-CDG. In this study, we provide evidence that the unfolded protein response (UPR) and ER-associated degradation activities are increased in ALG3-CDG patient-derived cultured skin fibroblasts and there is constitutive activation of UPR mediated by the IRE1-α pathway.