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D-mannose as a new therapy for fucokinase deficiency-related congenital disorder of glycosylation (FCSK-CDG)

Fucokinase deficiency-related congenital disorder of glycosylation (FCSK-CDG) is a rare autosomal recessive inborn error of metabolism characterized by a decreased flux through the salvage pathway of GDP-fucose biosynthesis due to a block in the recycling of L-fucose that exits the lysosome. FCSK-CDG has been described in 5 individuals to date in the medical literature, with a phenotype comprising global developmental delays/intellectual disability, hypotonia, abnormal myelination, posterior ocular disease, growth and feeding failure, immune deficiency, and chronic diarrhea, without clear therapeutic recommendations. In a so far unreported FCSK-CDG patient, we studied proteomics and glycoproteomics in vitro in patient-derived fibroblasts and also performed in vivo glycomics, before and after treatment with either D-Mannose or L-Fucose.