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Congenital disorder of glycosylation type Ia in a Chinese family: Function analysis of a novel PMM2 complex heterozygosis mutation 

Congenital disorder of glycosylation type Ia (CDG-Ia) is an autosomal recessive genetic disease caused by a mutation in the phosphomannomutase 2 (PMM2) gene. We have identified a 13-month-old boy who has been diagnosed with CDG-Ia. He displays several characteristic symptoms, including cerebellar hypoplasia, severe developmental retardation, hypothyroidism, impaired liver function, and abnormal serum ferritin levels. Through whole-exome sequencing, we discovered novel complex heterozygous mutations in the PMM2 gene, specifically the c.663C > G (p.F221L) mutation and loss of exon 2.