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Combined PMM2-CDG and hereditary fructose intolerance in a patient with mild clinical presentation

We report a patient with an extremely rare, combined diagnosis of PMM2-CDG and hereditary fructose intolerance (HFI). By comparing with other patients, under-galactosylation was identified as a feature of HFI. Fructose/sorbitol/sucrose restriction was initiated right afterwards. The patient is at the mild end of the PMM2-CDG spectrum, raising the question of sorbitol’s role in the pathogenesis of PMM2-CDG and whether fructose/sorbitol/sucrose restriction could benefit other PMM2-CDG patients. Additionally, epalrestat, an emerging potential PMM2-CDG therapy, may benefit HFI patients.