Skip to Content

Coagulation abnormalities and vascular complications are common in PGM1-CDG.

Phosphoglucomutase-1-congenital disorder of glycosylation (PGM1-CDG) is a rare genetic disorder caused by biallelic variants in the PGM1 gene, leading to the deficiency of the PGM1 enzyme. The most common clinical presentations include muscle involvement, failure to thrive, cleft palate, and cardiac involvement. Abnormal serum N-glycosylation, hypoglycemia, and liver function abnormalities including coagulation abnormalities are the most common laboratory abnormalities. While PGM1-CDG has been extensively studied, little is known about the extent of the coagulation abnormalities in individuals with PGM1-CDG. Unlike most CDG, some symptoms of PGM1-CDG are treatable with D-galactose (D-gal) supplementation, though reliable clinical endpoints are necessary to appropriately evaluate the potential improvement with D-gal in PGM1-CDG. Here, we aimed to describe the incidence of coagulation abnormalities in PGM1-CDG and their evolution, their relation to clinical events, and the ability of D-gal treatment to improve them. A retrospective analysis was conducted on 73 reported individuals.