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Characterization of galactosyltransferase and sialyltransferase genes mediating the elongation of the extracellular O-GlcNAc glycans

O-GlcNAc is a unique post-translational modification found in cytoplasmic, nuclear, and mitochondrial proteins. In a limited number of extracellular proteins, O-GlcNAc modifications occur through the action of EOGT, which specifically modifies subsets of epidermal growth factor-like (EGF) domain-containing proteins such as Notch receptors. The abnormalities due to EOGT mutations in mice and humans and the increased EOGT expression in several cancers signify the importance of EOGT pathophysiology and extracellular O-GlcNAc. […] In our study, we comprehensively screened potential galactosyltransferase and sialyltransferase genes related to the canonical O-GlcNAc glycan pathway and revealed the essential roles of B4GALT1 and ST3GAL4 in O-GlcNAc glycan elongation in human HEK293 cells.