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Characteristics of Neuroimaging and Behavioural Phenotype in Polish Patients with PIGV-CDG-An Observational Study and Literature Review.

Congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDGs) are a wide group of genetic diseases characterised by a severe clinical spectrum, consisting of developmental delays, dysmorphisms, and neurological deficits. Mutations in the PIGV gene lead to a disorder called hyperphosphatasia with impaired intellectual development syndrome 1 (HPMRS1), distinct from other CDGs in terms of hyperphosphatemia related to abnormal ALP activity and brachytelephalangy. This article discusses the phenotype of six Polish patients with HPMRS1 with a special focus on behavioural and imaging features, which were not addressed in 26 previously reported cases.