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Case report: Functional characterization of a de novo c.145G>A p.Val49Met pathogenic variant in a case of PIGA-CDG with megacolon

A subgroup of congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDGs) includes inherited GPI-anchor deficiencies (IGDs) that affect the biosynthesis of glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchors, including the first reaction catalyzed by the X-linked PIGA. Here, we show the first PIGA-CDG case reported in Mexico in a male child with a moderate-to-severe phenotype characterized by neurological and gastrointestinal symptoms, including megacolon. Exome sequencing identified the hemizygous variant PIGA c.145G>A (p.Val49Met), confirmed by Sanger sequencing and characterized as de novo. The pathogenicity of this variant was characterized by flow cytometry and complementation assays in PIGA knockout (KO) cells.