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Case report: A founder UGDH variant associated with developmental epileptic encephalopathy in Saudi Arabia

Congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG) are a group of more than 100 rare genetic disorders characterized by impaired glycosylation of proteins and lipids. The clinical presentation of CDG varies tremendously, from single-organ to multi-organ involvement and from prenatal death to a normal adult phenotype. In this case study, we report a large consanguineous family with multiple children suffering from cerebral palsy, seizure, developmental and epileptic encephalopathy, and global developmental delay. Whole-exome sequencing (WES) analysis revealed a homozygous variant in the UDP-glucose dehydrogenase (UGDH) gene (c.950G>A; p.R317Q) which segregates with the familial phenotype with a plausible autosomal recessive mode of inheritance, indicating a potential disease-causing association.