Skip to Content

An oligogenic case of severe neonatal thrombocytopenia and a purportedly benign variant in GFI1B requiring reinterpretation

Although thrombocytopenia in neonatal intensive care patients is rarely due to inherited disorders, the number of genetic variants implicated in platelet defects has grown dramatically with increasing genome-wide sequencing. Here we describe a case of severe, oligogenic neonatal thrombocytopenia and reinterpret a reportedly benign mutation that is likely pathogenic. Despite this patient’s synonymous mutation (GFI1B 576 C>T, Phe192=) being annotated as benign, GFI1B is a well-known regulator of megakaryopoiesis, this variant alters splicing and megakaryocyte maturation, and our analysis of existing genome-wide associated studies demonstrates that it likely causes gray platelet syndrome.