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Adult-onset neurodegeneration in XMEN disease.

XMEN (X-linked immunodeficiency with magnesium defect, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), and N-linked glycosylation defect) disease results from loss-of-function mutations in MAGT1, a protein that serves as a magnesium transporter and a subunit of the oligosaccharyltransferase (OST) complex. MAGT1 deficiency disrupts N-linked glycosylation, a critical regulator of immune function. XMEN results in recurrent EBV infections and a propensity for EBV-driven malignancies. Although XMEN is recognized as a systemic congenital disorder of glycosylation (CDG), its neurological involvement is rare and poorly characterized. Two young men, ages 32 and 33, are described here with truncating mutations in MAGT1, progressive behavioral changes, and neurodegenerative symptoms.