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AAV9-NGLY1 gene replacement therapy improves phenotypic and biomarker endpoints in a rat model of NGLY1 Deficiency

N-glycanase 1 (NGLY1) Deficiency is a progressive, ultra-rare, autosomal recessive disorder with no approved therapy and five core clinical features: severe global developmental delay, hyperkinetic movement disorder, elevated liver transaminases, alacrima, and peripheral neuropathy. Here, we confirmed and characterized the Ngly1-/-/ rat as a relevant disease model. GS-100, a gene therapy candidate, is a recombinant, single-stranded adeno-associated virus (AAV) 9 vector designed to deliver a functional copy of the human NGLY1 gene. Using the Ngly1-/- rat, we tested different administration routes for GS-100: intracerebroventricular (ICV), intravenous (IV), or the dual route (IV + ICV).