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A novel fission yeast platform to model N-glycosylation and the bases of congenital disorders of glycosylation type I

Congenital disorders of glycosylation type I (CDG-I) are inherited human diseases caused by deficiencies in lipid-linked oligosaccharide (LLO) synthesis or the glycan transfer to proteins during N-glycosylation. We constructed a platform of 16 Schizosaccharomyces pombe strains that synthesize all possible theoretical combinations of LLOs containing three to zero glucose (Glc) residues and nine to five mannose (Man) residues. The occurrence of unexpected LLOs suggested the requirement of specific Man residues for glucosyltransferase activities. We then quantified protein hypoglycosylation in each strain and found that in S. pombe the presence of Glc in the LLO is more relevant to the transfer efficiency than the number of Man residues.