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A complement C4-derived glycopeptide is a biomarker for PMM2-CDG

Diagnosis of PMM2-CDG, the most common congenital disorder of glycosylation (CDG), relies on measuring carbohydrate-deficient transferrin (CDT) and genetic testing. CDT tests have false negatives and may normalize with age. Site-specific changes in protein N-glycosylation have not been reported in sera in PMM2-CDG. Using multistep mass spectrometry-based N-glycoproteomics, we analyzed sera from 72 individuals to discover and validate glycopeptide alterations. We performed comprehensive tandem mass tag-based discovery experiments in well-characterized patients and controls. Next, we developed a method for rapid profiling of additional samples. Finally, targeted mass spectrometry was used for validation in an independent set of samples in a blinded fashion.