Recessive mutations in human N-glycanase 1 (NGLY1) cause a multisystem disorder with various phenotypes including global developmental delay. One of the models utilized to understand the biology of NGLY1 and the pathophysiology of NGLY1 deficiency is Drosophila melanogaster, a well-established, genetically tractable organism broadly used to study various biological processes and human diseases. Loss of the Drosophila NGLY1 homolog (Pngl) causes a host of phenotypes including developmental delay and lethality. […] Here, we will summarize the insights gained into the functions of NGLY1 from Drosophila studies. We hope that the current review article will encourage additional studies in Drosophila and other model systems towards establishing a therapeutic strategy for NGLY1 deficiency patients.